HomeUncategorizedThe Ultimate Guide To Coffee Roasting Techniques 

The Ultimate Guide To Coffee Roasting Techniques 

Are you ready to serve your customers the cup of coffee they desire?

The taste of a perfect cup of coffee varies from person to person. From a strong coffee cup to a decaf, we have our own preferences. Chiefly, coffee gets its perfect taste from roasting green beans.

Coffee beans are naturally green. It is through roasting that we get the brown aromatic beans. Roasting brings out the majority of flavours and texture from the beans. There are various ways to roast coffee. Different methods of roasting coffee beans give altered colour, texture, aroma, and taste. Each method produces a distinct end product. Make sure you checklist these things before opening your dream cafe.

Things To Consider Before Roasting Coffee Beans

  • Find a supplier to buy green coffee beans. Always buy double the quantity you require as during the process of roasting beans may get reduced to half.
  • Choose the heater or coffee roasting appliances carefully.
  • Hire an expert and experienced person who can extract the exact flavour and texture you require.
  • Regulate the acidity level of the beans.
  • Check the humidity level of the coffee beans. Make sure your beans are dried enough to proceed with roasting.
  • Always be mindful of the roast degree, time, temperature, and the kind of coffee you would make from the roasted beans.
  •  Learn to identify the first crack and second crack while roasting.

coffee roasting techniques to try in 2022

Everything You Need To Know About Coffee Roasting Techniques

Every coffee roasting technique broadly aims to furnish one of the following types of roasted coffee: 

  • Low Roast
  • Medium Roast
  • Medium-Dark Roast
  • Dark Roast

Low roast coffee gets ready just after the first crack. A medium roast is prepared between the first and second crack. A medium-dark roast is set to be taken off the flame after the second crack. For a dark roast, you have to watch closely till the beans turn dark brown. Check this guide for a nuanced knowledge of when your beans are ready. 

Roasting coffee beans require great skills and effort. Timing is extremely important when roasting as different temperatures give different flavours. So carefully decide the method you need. Meanwhile, check out these mind-blowing artisanal coffee brands in India. 


Types Of Coffee Roasting Method

1. Coffee Roasting At A Small Scale

These small-scale coffee roasting methods can be carried out at home as well.

1.1 Pan Roasting

  • Preheat the pan on medium-low flame.
  • Put the green beans on the pan.
  • Continuously stir the beans to avoid them from burning.
  • Regulate the heat if required.
  • Watch out for the first crack.
  • Wait for the second crack and don’t stop stirring.
  • After the second crack, you can keep the flame on until the type of roast you require is achieved but obviously don’t let the beans turn black.
  • Put the beans in another container while still stirring.
  • Let them cool down for at least 4 hours.
  • Filter the chaff and your roasted beans are ready.
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Roasting coffee in a vessel | Coffee Roasting Techniques

1.2 Oven Roasting

  • Like pan-roasting, you require to preheat the oven to approximately 450 degrees.
  • Use a cookie sheet or a similar item to place green coffee beans over it.
  • Evenly spread the beans in a single layer.
  • Put the container in the oven.
  • Different ovens have different heating spots so check your oven and stir the beans if required. You can stir the beans by taking them out with a wooden spatula. Make sure you do it quickly without disturbing the temperature of your oven.
  • Within 5 minutes you can expect the first crack.
  • The second crack will soon follow.
  • Take the beans out as soon as the oven reaches 435 degrees.
  • Let the beans cool down.
  • Filter the chaff and impurities and there you go.

1.3 Popcorn Popper Method

  • Pick up any popcorn popper with a good ventilation system.
  • Measure the bean and leave enough space in your popper to allow ventilation.
  • Keep an infrared thermometer alongside to measure temperature regularly.
  • Around 200 degrees you will hear the first crack.
  • Stay alert for the second crack.
  • Popcorn popper reaches over 400 degrees within 4 minutes.
  • Take the beans out.
  • Let them cool down.
  • Get rid of the chaff and you have your roasted beans all set.

2 Coffe Roasting At A Large Scale

There is strong contestation over the flavours of drum roasting and hot-air roasting. Both methods give varied taste and quality. Check the process below to decide which one is suitable for your brand.


coffee roasting at a large scale using machines | Coffee Roasting Techniques

2.1 Drum Roasting

  • The drum is preheated at 240 degrees.
  • Then coffee beans are placed into it.
  • The process continues for a minimum of 10 minutes. The time depends on the type of roast needed.
  • After the beans are taken out, they are spread down to cool up. 
  • The last step will be to filter out any foreign ingredients that might have got mixed up while roasting the beans.

2.2 Hot Air Roasting

  • Hot air roasting is said to be more efficient in terms of saving resources.
  • In a hot-air roaster, every coffee bean gets the heat evenly and this helps bring out the flavor completely.
  • Hot-air roasting is quicker than drum roasting.
  • It cleans up the chaff and other unwanted impurities itself.
  • Coffee beans through this process retain high acidic content which might give rise to the problem of acid reflux in its consumer.

Roasting coffee beans with precision is not an easy task. Even overheating or underheating the beans by some seconds can ruin the whole batch. You need to be a skilled and experienced professional to roast the perfect brown beans. If you think you are not good enough consider hiring an expert. For the time being, you can check out this POS software for your cafe. Make sure your cafe POS has these essential features. 

Hope this blog helps you get the flawless and savouring roasted beans. Keep yourself updated with recent news in the Food and Beverage industry by following us on Instagram.

Khyati Tiwari
Khyati Tiwari
Khyati Tiwari is a content writer at Petpooja. Besides that, she is always busy finding the right song for her mood. For any queries reach her at khyati.tiwari@petpooja.com

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